Deaths caused by plane accidents are rare. The number of all plane crashes in history is more than 3 million times lower than the number of car crashes per year in the USA. You can find all of these statistics on the frequency of plane crashes in the data approved by the Federal Aviation Administration. Besides, many survive these accidents. Actually, the survival rate for plane accidents is high — in the U.S., from the early nineties period to the year 2000, around 95% of those involved in a plane malfunction survived it. According to the statistics, traveling by plane is the safest way of traveling. The most dangerous means of transportation is a motorcycle, followed by a car, while trains, boats, and planes are on the safer side. However, the fact that planes are safe, in general, doesn’t immediately mean you shouldn’t be prepared to protect yourself in the unfortunate event of a crash. Increasing your odds of survival if an accident takes place isn’t always too hard — it mostly depends on its nature.
Planes can crash due to various reasons. It can happen during takeoff; it can happen just before the landing or while a plane is high up in the air. A plane can end up in the water, crash on land, go up in flames — it all depends on the nature of the failure on the plane that led to a crash and its timing. Experts warn that if the plane hits the surface by a “nosedive” type of fall, any chance of survival is extremely low. However, planes usually crash in a less devastating manner, so usually, the chances of survival are relatively reasonable. One of the imperative things that affect one’s chances of survival is where they are located on the plane.
Choose the Middle Third
Many pieces of research, experiments, and statistics demonstrate similar and conclusive findings that the middle third of a plane is the safest location that one can choose. The statistics say that the safest seats are those behind the wings, in the middle third part of the plane. So forget about the front part and the business class — the cheaper back seats are safer ones!
For some time, people have speculated that the safest seats are next to the wings. However, this has shown to be false — the safest seats are in the middle third, behind the wings. Well, there is some simple logic here. If the front part of the plane is the first to suffer an impact, the force of the blow will travel from the narrow front part of the plane towards its back. As the shape of the plane changes, the force will spread — it will “attack” the increasingly bigger surface, and with progression, it will get weaker — this is similar to the correlation between weight, superficies, and pressure. We know that the amount of pressure rises as the superficies declines. This way, we can conclude that the force of impact will be reduced when it hits the wings of the plane, i.e., the force will spread on a larger superficies, thus reducing the strength of the impact on the back of the plane.
However, back seats on the plane are not safe if the accident happens on the back part of the plane. As we’ve said, it all depends on the location of the failure on the plane and the place of impact. Usually, in most cases, the site of impact is somewhere in the front part, which automatically makes the back seats a lot safer, and the front third part of the plane the most dangerous one.
The List of Safety Tips You Need to Know
We have answered the main question of this article — which seats are the safest. However, this information is just half of the story you need to know if you wish to get out of a plane crash alive. Actually, many deaths caused by a plane crash happened after the crash, due to many different factors. Also, some fatal decisions made before the plane even took off could also cause an unfortunate outcome. So let’s talk about other things you ought to be aware of and do to leave with your head on your shoulders in case of a plane crash.
Choose a Seat Near the Exit
When the plane crashes and stops, you are not safe yet. There is usually fire, smoke, panic, lack of oxygen, a chance of explosion, and other hazards. You need to get out and get out fast! That’s why sitting near the exit is smart. Also, if you are not strong enough to open the emergency exit door, don’t sit right next to it. The one who sits next to the emergency door is obligated to open it for all the others. If you are confident in your strength, you should sit next to it. In any case, always choose a seat that allows you to reach the door fast. That’s why some experts think that aisle seats of the plane are safer than others.
Wear Non-Flammable Clothes
Wear cotton and avoid flammable fabrics. In the event of a plane crash, wearing the wrong type of fabric can cost you your life. Also, avoid jewelry and all the accessories that can cause injuries. Wear flat and comfortable shoes that are endurant and good for running. Don’t wear high heels and don’t be barefoot on the plane.
Listen to the Flight Attendants
Always listen to instructions by flight attendants, especially those about where you should put your luggage! By placing your bag on the floor and blocking the aisle, you can cost someone their life, including yourself.
Put on the Oxygen Mask and Fasten Your Belt
Again, listen to the instructions of flight attendants — put on your oxygen mask and fasten your seatbelts. Passengers that don’t put on their seatbelts have almost no chance of survival and have high chances of sustaining extreme head and back injuries.
Be Alert All the Time
Don’t celebrate too soon — you may have survived the impact, but the danger is not over yet. You to survive the whole crash — fire, smoke, and the possible explosion. You are not safe until you are far from the plane, fire, and possible explosions. The moment the plane stops — run!
Also, during the flight, don’t sleep, don’t take alcohol, and avoid any unnecessary medication that can cause drowsiness. Besides this, don’t listen to music and watch movies — listen, pay attention, be alert, and ready.
Focus and Don’t Panic
Being alert and focused is what we want you to do. However, what we don’t want you to do is panic! In cases of accidents, panic often means certain death. Your physical and mental abilities deteriorate when you panic. Nothing good comes from it, so just forget about it.
After You Get Out, Keep Running
As we’ve said, you can’t exit the alert, focused, survival mode until you are far, far away from the crashed plane. After an impact, an aircraft can explode.
Since you just learned what one should do to survive, share it with others. And in case of a plane crashing, try to do something to help others as well. Some simple things that you can do are:
- Don’t block the aisles with your luggage!
- Don’t push others to get to the exit!
- Try to calm others with your words and with the example that you set.
- If you notice that someone wears flammable fabrics, tell them to lose them.
- Tell people to put a handkerchief over their mouth and nose (in the case of fire).
- Encourage people to run away from the wreckage.
- If you see someone running with their luggage, tell them to drop it.
- Don’t panic for the sake of others as well — a panicking individual can’t help anyone.
There is no perfect, bulletproof recipe for survival of any type of accident, attack, or danger. There are only the best things that you can do, but those don’t guarantee anything. This article gave you precisely that — the best things that you can do in the event of a plane crash. Unfortunately, following this advice doesn’t mean certain survival. However, not following it usually does mean certain death. Also, besides worrying about yourself, you should also think about others. If you don’t feel physically capable of helping others, at least don’t reduce their chances of survival — don’t block the aisles, don’t push people, and try to get out without harming others. Be calm and aim for the exit — your best bet is to listen to flight attendants, be calm, be focused, don’t endanger others, lose any flammable items on your person, and run!